Partitioning of installation media

Partitioning of installation media

For Linux beginners, we recommend to create only two partitions (root/home and swap) because this makes a first installation much easier. After the installation, additional data partitions or, if desired, a separate /home can be created.

However, we do not recommend to create a /home partition.
The directory /home should be the place where individual configurations are stored, and only them. A separate data partition should be created for all other private data. The advantages for data stability, data backup, and also in case of data recovery are immeasurable.

A swap partition has a similar function as the Windows swap file, but the former is far more effective. As a rule of thumb, the swap partition should be twice as large as the RAM used. This applies mainly to notebooks that are to be hibernated via hibernate or desktop computers with very little RAM (1 GByte or less). Devices with sufficient RAM no longer need a swap partition.

For data exchange with a Windows installation, the designated partition should be formatted with NTFS. siduction can read from and write to such a partition with the automatically installed ntfs-3g.

There are many good ways to partition your disks. These examples should give a first insight into the possibilities.

Purchasing an external USB hard drive for regular data backup is also worth considering.

Minimum requirements

The minimum requirements for the reasonable use of a siduction installation are:

installed system hard disk space
siduction NoX 5GB
siduction Xorg 10GB
siduction LXQt 15GB
siduction LXDE 15GB
siduction Xfce 15GB
siduction Cinnamon 15GB
siduction KDE Plasma 15GB

Examples with different disk sizes

If a dual boot with MS Windows™ is created, MS Windows must always be installed as the first system onto the hard disk.

“GPT” should be selected as partition table type. Thus, you can use the advantages over “MBR”. Only with old hardware, “MBR” is still useful. The explanations for this can be found on our manual page Partitioning with gdisk.

The examples refer to partition tables of the type “GPT”. It needs the first two, very small partitions in order to function.

Dual-boot with MS Windows and Linux

1 TB hard disk:

Partition Size File system Use
1 100 KB FAT16 EFI system
2 1 MB without BIOS-boot
3 50 GB NTFS MS Windows system
4 300 GB NTFS data for MS Windows
5 200 GB NTFS data for MS Windows and Linux
6 30 GB ext4 / (Linux root)
7 416 GB ext4 data for Linux
8 4 GB Linux swap Linux swap

120 GB hard disk:

Partition Size File system Use
1 100 KB FAT16 EFI system
2 1 MB without BIOS-boot
3 40 GB NTFS MS Windows System
4 48 GB NTFS data for MS Windows and Linux
5 30 GB ext4 / (Linux root)
6 2 GB Linux swap Linux swap

80 GB hard disk

Partition Size File system Use
1 100 KB FAT16 EFI system
2 1 MB without BIOS-boot
3 40 GB NTFS MS Windows system
4 10 GB NTFS data for MS Windows and Linux
5 28 GB ext4 / (Linux root)
6 2 GB Linux Swap Linux swap

Linux alone

500 GB hard disk:

Partition Size File system Use
1 100 KB FAT16 EFI system
2 1 MB without BIOS-boot
3 30 GB ext4 /
4 250 GB ext4 Data_1
5 216 GB ext4 Data_2
6 4 GB Linux Swap Linux swap

160 GB hard disk

Partition Size File system Use
1 100 KB FAT16 EFI system
2 1 MB without BIOS-boot
1 26 GB ext4 /
3 130 GB ext4 data
4 4 GB Linux Swap Linux swap

60 GB hard disk

Partition Size File system Use
1 100 KB FAT16 EFI system
2 1 MB without BIOS-boot
3 25 GB ext4 /
4 33 GB ext4 data
5 2 GB Linux Swap Linux swap

Partition editors

Caution
When using any partitioning software, there is a risk of data loss. Always back up important data to another disk in advance.

Mounted partitions (also swap) must be detached before editing.
You can do this by entering to following command as root:

# umount /dev/sda1

To mount a swap partition, use this command:

# swapoff -a

Further information

Here the comprehensive english documentation of GParted

For more partitioning options see:

Last edited: 2022/03/31